The Book of Luke
EVERY birth is a miracle, and every child is a gift from God. But nearly 20 centuries ago, the miracle of miracles occurred. A baby was born, but he was the Son of God. The Gospels tell of this birth, but Dr. Luke, as though he were the attending physician, provides most of the details surrounding this awesome occasion. With a divine Father and a human mother, Jesus entered history— God in the flesh. Luke affirms Jesus’ divinity, but the real emphasis of his book is on Jesus’ humanity— Jesus, the Son of God, is also the Son of Man. As a doctor, Luke was a man of science, and as a Greek, he was a man of detail. It is not surprising, then, that he begins by outlining his extensive research and explaining that he is reporting the facts (1: 1-4). Luke also was a close friend and traveling companion of Paul, so he could interview the other disciples, had access to other historical accounts, and was an eyewitness to the birth and growth of the early church.
Purpose: To present an accurate account of the life of Christ and to present Christ as the perfect human and Savior.
Author: Luke, a doctor (Colossians 4: 14), a Greek, and Gentile Christian. He is the only known Gentile author in the New Testament. Luke was a close friend and companion of Paul. He also wrote Acts, and the two books go together.
DATE WRITTEN: About A.D. 60
SETTING: Luke wrote from Rome or possibly from Caesarea.
KEY VERSE: “Jesus responded, ‘Salvation has come to this home today, for this man has shown himself to be a true son of Abraham. For the Son of Man came to seek and save those who are lost’” (19: 9-10).
KEY PEOPLE: Jesus, Elizabeth, Zechariah, John the Baptist, Mary, the disciples, Herod the Great, Pilate, Mary Magdalene
KEY PLACES: Bethlehem, Galilee, Judea, Jerusalem
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